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List of Bharat Ratna Awardees Laureates

Bharat Ratna Awardees

India has produced a legacy of brave hearts since times immemorial. Probably there is not enough space to measure their sacrifices. However, we cannot close our eyes to those people who have made our country proud by excelling in their own fields and bringing us international recognition. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order.

The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend “Bharat Ratna” above and a floral wreath below. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto. It was to be worn around the neck from a white ribbon. This design was altered after a year.
The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career has received this coveted award.
In fact, our former President, Shri A. P. J Abdul Kalam is also a recipient of this esteemed honour (1997). There is no written provision that Bharat Ratna should be awarded to Indian citizens only. The award has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, better known as Mother Teresa (1980) and to two non-Indians – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela (1990). It is also not mandatory that Bharat Ratna be awarded every year. The last time this award was given was in 2008, to Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi.

List of Bharat Ratna Awardees

  • Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi
    Arts : 2008 : India : Karnataka
  • Kumari Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar
    Arts : 2001 : India : Maharashtra
  • Late. Ustad Bismillah Khan
    Arts : 2001 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Prof. Amartya Sen
    Literature & Education : 1999 : United Kingdom :
  • Lokpriya Gopinath (posth.) Bordoloi
    Public Affairs : 1999 : India : Assam
  • Loknayak Jayprakash (Posth.) Narayan
    Public Affairs : 1999 : India : Bihar
  • Pandit Ravi Shankar
    Arts : 1999 : United States :
  • Shri Chidambaram Subramaniam
    Public Affairs : 1998 : India : Tamil Nadu
  • Smt. M.S. Subbulakshmi
    Arts : 1998 : India : Tamil Nadu
  • Shri (Dr.) A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
    Science & Engineering. : 1997 : India : Delhi
  • Smt. Aruna Asaf (Posth.) Ali
    Public Affairs : 1997 : India : Delhi
  • Shri Gulzari Lal (Shri) Nanda
    Public Affairs : 1997 : India : Gujarat
  • Shri Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata
    Trade & Industry : 1992 : India : Maharashtra
  • Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
    Public Affairs : 1992 : India : West Bengal
  • Shri Satyajit Ray
    Arts : 1992 : India : West Bengal
  • Shri Morarji Ranchhodji Desai
    Public Affairs : 1991 : India : Gujarat
  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi
    Public Affairs : 1991 : India : Delhi
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    Public Affairs : 1991 : India : Gujarat
  • Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedakr
    Public Affairs : 1990 : India : Maharashtra
  • Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
    Public Affairs : 1990 : South Africa :
  • Shri Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran
    Public Affairs : 1988 : India : Tamil Nadu
  • Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
    Social Work : 1987 : Pakistan :
  • Shri Acharya Vinoba Bhave
    Social Work : 1983 : India : Maharashtra
  • Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu Teresa
    Social Work : 1980 : India : West Bengal
  • Shri Kumaraswamy Kamraj
    Public Affairs : 1976 : India : Tamil Nadu
  • Shri V.V. Giri
    Public Affairs : 1975 : India : Orissa
  • Smt. Indira Gandhi
    Public Affairs : 1971 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri
    Public Affairs : 1966 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane
    Social Work : 1963 : India : Maharashtra
  • Dr. Zakir Hussain
    Public Affairs : 1963 : India : Andhra Pradesh
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    Public Affairs : 1962 : India : Bihar
  • Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy
    Public Affairs : 1961 : India : West Bengal
  • Shri Purushottam Das Tandon
    Public Affairs : 1961 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve
    Social Work : 1958 : India : Maharashtra
  • Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
    Public Affairs : 1957 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Dr. Bhagwan Das
    Literature & Education : 1955 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Shri Jawaharlal Nehru
    Public Affairs : 1955 : India : Uttar Pradesh
  • Dr. M. Vishweshwariah
    Civil Service : 1955 : India : Karnataka
  • Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
    Public Affairs : 1954 : India : Tamil Nadu
  • Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
    Science & Engineering. : 1954 : India : Tamil Nadu
Categories: Bharat Ratna Awardees
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